The Kali Linux hard disk installation is a simple process. First, you need compatible computer hardware. Kali is supported on i386, amd64 and ARM platforms. The hardware requirements are minimal although better hardware naturally offers better performance.
In this tutorial, I will install Kali Linux on a Dell Latitude E6500 with a hard drive as the only operating system.
Kali Linux Hard Disk Installation Requirements
- At least 20 GB of storage space for the Kali Linux installation
- RAM for i386 and amd64 architectures, at least 1 GB, recommended: 2 GB or more
- CD-DVD drive / USB boot support
Preparation for the installation
- Download Kali Linux for free – Link to the official downloads
- Burn the Kali Linux ISO to a DVD or create a bootable USB stick
- Make sure your computer boots from CD / USB in the BIOS
Step 1 – Select installation option
Start the installation with the installation medium of your choice. You should be welcomed with the Kali boot screen. Choose either “Graphical Install” or “Install”. In this tutorial, I chose the graphical installation.
Step 2 – Select language
Choose your preferred installation language and system language.
Step 3 – Select the location
Enter your geographic location.
Step 4 – Configure the keyboard
Set the language of your keyboard.
Step 5 – Configure the clock
In this step you have to configure the clock.
Step 6 – Detect network hardware
Now you have the opportunity to install non free firmware files. Personally, I have not needed this in any previous Kali Linux installation, or installed such data at a later date.
Step 7 – Network Setup
The installer copies the image to your hard drive, examines your network interfaces, and prompts you for a host name for your system. In this tutorial, I chose “kali” as the hostname.
Step 8 – Set up the network
Optionally, you can specify a default domain name for your system. I have not specified one for this tutorial. Of course, this can also be set up at a later date.
Step 9 – Set up users and passwords
Now you can set the password for the system administrator.
Step 10 – Partition Hard Drives
The installer will now examine the disks and give you four options. In this tutorial, I use the entire hard drive from the computer. Experienced users can use the manual partitioning method for more detailed configuration options.
Step 11 – Partition Hard Drives
Select the disk to be partitioned. In this tutorial, I use a laptop that has only one hard drive.
Step 12 – Partition Hard Drives
Depending on your needs, you can choose to save all files in a single partition (the default) or separate partitions for one or more top-level directories. If you are not sure, select “All files in one partition”.
Step 13 – Partition Hard Drives
Now you get an overview of the configured partitions. If everything is correct, select “Quit partitioning and apply changes” and click “Next”.
Step 14 – Partition the hard disk
Next, you have one last chance to check your disk configuration before the installer makes the changes. After clicking on “Next”, the installation will be executed.
Step 15 – Configure Package Manager
Configure the network mirror. Kali uses a central repository to provide applications. If necessary, you will need to enter proxy information later.
IMPORTANT: If you select “NO” on this screen, you will NOT be able to install packages from the Kali repositories later.
Step 16 – Configure Package Manager
If you need an HTTP proxy, you can now enter the appropriate data. Of course you can make these settings at a later date and leave this field empty.
Step 17 – Install GRUB boot loader on a hard disk
Next you need to install the GRUB boot loader, as I use Kali Linux as the only operating system on this computer, the GRUB boot loader can be installed in the master boot record.
Step 18 – Install GRUB bootloader on a hard disk
Select the hard disk on which the GRUB boot loader is to be installed. In my case, there is only one option, as there is only one hard disk installed in the computer.
Step 19 – Complete installation
Finally, click “Next” to restart the Kali Linux installation. Make sure that the CD or USB stick has been removed to allow Kali to boot from the hard disk.